Planning and Development Regulation

The 2022 offering of Planning and Development Regulation will be offered in a hybrid format. Sessions 1 and 2 will be held remotely with Zoom sessions and self-paced remote work. Session 3 will be held in-person at the UNC School of Government in Chapel Hill, NC. This course encompasses topics from our courses previously known as "Foundations in Development Regulation," "Zoning Practices" and "Zoning Official Certification" including: Development Ordinances, Statutory Authority, Constitutional Limits, Quasi-judicial Procedures, Annexation and Extraterritorial Jurisdiction, Comprehensive Planning, Land Development Permitting, Permitting Authority, Site Plan and Subdivision Review, Development Standards, Development Exactions and Growth Management, Development Regulations, Inspections and Enforcement, Interpreting the Ordinance, Liability, Conflicts and Open Governance.

Schedule overview below. Please see the Materials tab for a detailed agenda.

Session 1: Development Ordinances - September, 19-23 2022 

Addressing the legal framework for planning and development regulations in North Carolina, this course covers statutory authority, constitutional limits, and rules for decision-making such as quasi-judicial procedures. Additionally, this course covers jurisdictional topics such as annexation and extraterritorial jurisdiction as well as comprehensive planning.    

Session 2: Plans, Plats & Permits - October 10-14 2022

Addressing the policies and practices of land development permitting, this course covers permitting authority, site plan and subdivision review, and development standards. Additionally, this course covers development exactions and growth management.  

Session 3: Land Use Administration and CZO Exam - November 9-11 2022
IN-PERSON (at the School of Government, Chapel Hill, NC)

Addressing the legal and practical considerations of administering development regulations, this course covers inspections and enforcement, interpreting the ordinance, and other duties of the zoning officer. Additionally, this course covers liability, conflicts, and open governance obligations. 

Format: The courses will be a mix of online class time via Zoom videoconference (synchronous class meetings) and prework including videos, reading, and reflection (asynchronous assignments). We will also meetin in-person November 9-11 in Chapel Hill. The class assignments and class meetings will be spread across three weeks. For example, live sessions may be offered Tuesday morning and Thursday morning each week, with students completing relevant videos and assignments in between class sessions. Connection and equipment needs: Participants will need stable internet connection, access to Zoom (the desktop application is prefered), and video capabilities. 

Pre-Requisites: While some experience is helpful for general knowledge of the topics and success in the course, there are no pre-requisites to take the PDR series. 

Local Government Federal Credit Union offers scholarships to local government employees to apply toward tuition for conferences, classes, and seminars offered by the School of Government. There are four deadlines to submit applications:

  • March 1 (for courses starting between April 1 and June 30)
  • June 1 (for courses starting between July 1 and September 30)
  • September 1 (for courses starting between October 1 and December 31)
  • December 1 (for courses starting between January 1 and March 31)

Additional information

Certification:  Students who complete all sessions can take the Zoning Official Certification exam at the conclusion. 

CZO Certification: For more information regarding criteria and maintenance for CZO certification, visit

CZO Certification Manual-click here

Planning and Development Regulation Resource Site: The Site focuses on planning and land use law issues within the state of North Carolina. The resourse website contains links to external resource sites, recent blogs, hot topics, the new Bill List for 2013, a link to sign up for the NCPlan Listserv, publications and course information. Click this link: NC Planning

Join the NCPlan Listserv: You may also wish to sign up for the NCPlan Listserv where you can see related emails and post questions to your peers. Link to sign up: SOG Listservs

CONTINUING EDUCATION: This course is approved with the American Planning Association for AICP credits. Click HERE for more information. You can self-report your hours using THIS FORM.

There currently are no scheduled offerings of this course.

2022 Fee: $1275

Please take the questionnaire below to see if you qualify for any scholarships. Please note that some deadlines for scholarships may fall outside of the registration dates of this course. 



All course materials, including pre-work, the exam and logistical details are provided in Canvas, a learning management system. Please click the link below for detailed instrucitons on setting up your Canvas account. If you've already set up an account for this or for another School of Government course, click HERE to log in to Canvas. 

Canvas Log In Instructions

Registrants will receive the following textbooks via mail:

Quasi-Judicial HandbookDavid Owens and Adam Lovelady

Land Subdivision Regulation in NCAdam Lovelady

Intro to Zoning and Development RegulationDavid Owens


AGENDA (subject to minor changes)

Session 1: Development Ordinances
September 19-23, 2022

Monday, September 19, 2022 – Introduction and Overview  
9:00am-10:00am Welcome, Course Intro, Exam Intro, and Context – Jim Joyce
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Plans and Planning (maybe include community engagement element) – Adam Lovelady
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Development Regulations Overview (competing interests, planning, zoning, subdivision, other considerations) – Adam Lovelady

Tuesday, September 20, 2022 – Limitations on Planning and Development Regulation 
9:00am-10:00am Constitutional Limits - David Owens 
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Statutory Limits – Adam Lovelady
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Jurisdictional Limits - Jim Joyce

Wednesday, September 21, 2022 – Local Government Decision-Making 
9:00am-10:00am Decision Types & Administrative Decisions – Adam Lovelady
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Quasi-Judicial Decision-Making Processes – Jim Joyce
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 11:30am-12:30pm Legislative Decisions (rezoning, text amendments, spot/contract/conditional zoning) – Jim Joyce

Thursday, September 22, 2022 – Related Regulations 
9:00am-10:00am Quasi-Judicial Decision Types (special use permit, variance, historic commission approval) – Adam Lovelady
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Environmental Regulations in Land Development – Jim Joyce
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Growth Management and Moratoria – David Owens 

Friday, September 23, 2022 
9:00-10:00am Knowledge Check

Session 2: Plans, Plats & Permits
October 10-14, 2022

Monday, October 10, 2022 – Planning and Development Administration  
9:00am-10:00am Staying Out of Trouble (conflicts, ethics, duties, liability) – Jim Joyce  
10:00am-10:15am BREAK
10:15am-11:15am Meetings and Records – Kristina Wilson, UNC SOG
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Interpretations and Appeals – Adam Lovelady  

Tuesday, October 11, 2022 – Permitting and Limitations 
9:00am-10:00am Permits and Permitting – Adam Lovelady
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Permits and Permitting, Part 2 – Adam Lovelady
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Vested Rights & Nonconformities – Jim Joyce

Wednesday, October 12, 2022 – Inspection and Enforcement 
9:00am-10:00am Legal Limitations on Inspections – TBD
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Enforcement Options – Jim Joyce 
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Enforcement in Practice - Panel

Thursday, October 13, 2022 - Subdivisions 
9:00am-10:00am Definitions and Exemptions – Adam Lovelady
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Subdivision Review Processes – Jim Joyce
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Exactions – David Owens

Friday, October 14, 2022 
9:00-10:00am Knowledge Check 

Session 3: Land Use Administration
November 9-11, 2022 (CZO Exam November 11, 2022)
IN-PERSON in Chapel Hill

Wednesday, November 9, 2022 – Permitting Today   
10:00am-10:30am Registration Open  
10:30am-11:00am Welcome and Overview  
11:00am-12:15pm Design Regulations and Form-Based Codes – Adam Lovelady  
12:15pm-1:15pm Lunch at School of Government  
1:15pm-2:15pm PDR 1 Review Game – Jim Joyce
2:15pm-2:30pm BREAK 
2:30pm-3:30pm Sustainable Development and Resilience – Adam Lovelady 
3:30pm-3:45pm BREAK 
3:45pm-4:45pm PDR 2 Review Game – Jim Joyce
4:45pm-5:45pm Reception at School of Government  

Thursday, November 10, 2022 – Development Regulations in Practice 
9:00am-10:00am Development Review and Customer Service –Travis Crane, City of Raleigh
10:00am-10:15am BREAK 
10:15am-11:15am Site Plan Review Exercise – Travis Crane, City of Raleigh
11:15am-11:30am BREAK 
11:30am-12:30pm Meet the CZO Board 
12:30pm-1:30 pm Lunch at School of Government  
1:30pm-2:30pm Ordinance Interpretation Exercise - Jim Joyce
2:30pm-2:45pm BREAK 
2:45pm-3:45pm Life of a Development Project – Jim Joyce
3:45pm-4:00pm BREAK 
4:00pm-5:00pm Final Review and Q&A   

Friday, November 11, 2022  
9:00am – 12:00pm CZO Exam 
*Note: The exam is online. Please bring your personal computers or devices with you.



For all registration questions, resetting passwords, or login issues please contact:

Dale Zuckert

Assistant Registrar
For questions regarding course details, including location, schedule, materials, and continuing education credits, please contact:

Alycia Inserra

Director of Programming, Law and Finance Group
Assistant Professor of Public Law and Government