Mental Health

About the Faculty

Mark F. Botts

Associate Professor of Public Law and Government

Mark Botts joined the School of Government (then the Institute of Government) in 1992. Prior to that, he served judicial clerkships with the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit and the US District Court for the Western District of Michigan. Botts' publications include A Legal Manual for Area Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Boards in North Carolina. Mark holds a BA from Albion College and a JD from the University of Michigan School of Law.

Areas of expertise

Mental health law, including involuntary commitment law and procedure; privacy of behavioral healthcare records; local government responsibility for publicly funded mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services; administration and governance of area authorities; legal responsibilities of area boards; psychotherapist liability for dangerous patients; advance directives for mental health treatment



William C. Rivenbark

Professor of Public Administration and Government and MPA Program Director

Bill Rivenbark joined the School of Government (then the Institute of Government) in 1999. Prior to that, he worked for the city of Greenville, South Carolina, in various management positions. His research at the School of Government primarily involves performance and financial management in local government and has appeared in Public Administration Review, Government Finance ReviewJournal of Government Financial ManagementJournal of Public Affairs EducationJournal of Public BudgetingAccounting & Financial ManagementPopular GovernmentPublic Administration QuarterlyPublic Finance ReviewPublic Performance & Management Review, and State and Local Government Review. He is also co-author of Performance Budgeting for State and Local Government (M.E. Sharpe, 2003). He helped to develop the County and Municipal Fiscal Analysis tool, a web-based dashboard designed to help North Carolina local governments analyze their fiscal condition. He was named director of the MPA program at the School of Government in 2011. Rivenbark earned a BS from Auburn University, an MPA from Auburn University at Montgomery, and a PhD from Mississippi State University.

Areas of expertise

Public administration; local government administration; budget preparation and enactment; performance measurement and benchmarking

Selected publications

Rivenbark, William C., Dale J. Roenigk, and Lidia Noto. Exploring Countercyclical Fiscal Policy in Local Government: Moving beyond an Aggregated Approach. Forthcoming in International Journal of Public Administration.

Bianchi, Carmine and William C. Rivenbark. Performance Management in Local Government: The Application of System Dynamics to Promote Data Use. Forthcoming in the International Journal of Public Administration.

Rivenbark, William C. and Willow Jacobson. 2014. Three Principles of Competency-Based Learning: Mission, Mission, Mission.Journal of Public Affairs Education, 20 (2): 181–192.

Rivenbark, William C., Dale J. Roenigk, and Lidia Noto. 2013. Navigating Efficiency and Effectiveness Relationships across Local Government Services: Another Step toward Strategic Resource Management. Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, 25 (4): 675–692.

Bianchi, Carmine and William C. Rivenbark. A Comparative Analysis of Performance Management Systems: The Cases of Sicily and North Carolina. 2012. Public Performance & Management Review, 35 (3): 509–526. 



John B. Stephens

Associate Professor of Public Administration and Government

John Stephens joined the School of Government in 1996. Previously, he was research director of the Ohio Commission on Dispute Resolution and Conflict Management. His publications include Guidebook to Public Dispute Resolution in North Carolina and Public Management Bulletin: Using a Mediator in Public Disputes. He is co-author of Reaching for Higher Ground: Tools for Powerful Groups and Communities and School Funding Disputes: Mediate, Don't Litigate. Stephens also teaches in the Natural Resources Leadership Institute at North Carolina State University. He is chair of the steering committee of the University Network for Collaborative Governance. Stephens earned a BA from Earlham College, a Master of Philosophy from The City University, London, and a PhD from George Mason University's Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution.

Areas of expertise

Inter-agency and public policy dispute resolution; citizen participation; group collaboration and facilitation

Selected publications

John B. Stephens and Berner, M. (2011). “Learning from Your Neighbor: The Value of Public Participation Evaluation for Public Policy Dispute Resolution,” Journal of Public Deliberation. 22 pages.

R.S. Morse and Stephens, John B. (2012). Teaching Collaborative Governance: Phases, Competencies, and Case-Based Learning, Journalof Public Affairs Education. 30 pages.

John B. Stephens. 2007. Consensus Building and Leadership. In Transforming Public Leadership for the 21st Century, Ricardo S. Morse, Terry F. Buss, and C. Morgan Kinghorn, (eds.), Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe. 22 pages.

Click here for a complete list of Professor Stephens' publications.

Public Officials - Local and State Government Roles
Topics - Local and State Government