Smith's Criminal Case Compendium

Smith's Criminal Case Compendium


This compendium includes significant criminal cases by the U.S. Supreme Court & N.C. appellate courts, Nov. 2008 – Present. Selected 4th Circuit cases also are included.

Jessica Smith prepared case summaries Nov. 2008-June 4, 2019; later summaries are prepared by other School staff.


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E.g., 11/29/2023
E.g., 11/29/2023

After the defendant pled guilty to multiple offenses, the trial court suspended his sentence and placed him on supervised probation. At a later probation violation hearing, the trial court revoked the defendant’s probation, reactivated his sentence, and awarded him 343 days of jail credit. The defendant appealed, asking the Court of Appeals to remand the case to the trial court to determine whether he should have received an additional 107 days of credit. The Court of Appeals dismissed the defendant’s appeal without prejudice to seek relief from the trial court pursuant to G.S. 15-196.4, which allows the defendant to petition the court for credit not previously allowed. Then, if necessary, the defendant could appeal the trial court’s determination with a record suitable for meaningful review by the Court of Appeals.

The trial court did not err by failing to grant the defendant credit for 18 months spent in federal custody prior to trial. After the defendant was charged in state court, the State dismissed the charges to allow for a federal prosecution based on the same conduct. After the defendant’s federal conviction was vacated, the State reinstated the state charges. The defendant was not entitled to credit for time served in federal custody under G.S. 15-196.1 because his confinement was in a federal institution and was a result of the federal charge.

The trial court erred by denying credit for the time the defendant was incarcerated pending a revocation hearing on his first violation of post-release supervision. Under G.S. 15-196.1, the trial court was required to credit the defendant with eight days he spent in custody awaiting a revocation hearing for his first violation of post-release supervision when the defendant’s sentence later was activated upon the revocation of his post-release supervision following his second violation.

The defendant was not entitled to credit under G.S. 15-196.1 for time spent in a drug treatment program as a condition of probation because the program was not an institution operated by a State or local government.

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