Smith's Criminal Case Compendium

Smith's Criminal Case Compendium


This compendium includes significant criminal cases by the U.S. Supreme Court & N.C. appellate courts, Nov. 2008 – Present. Selected 4th Circuit cases also are included.

Jessica Smith prepared case summaries Nov. 2008-June 4, 2019; later summaries are prepared by other School staff.


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E.g., 01/27/2022
E.g., 01/27/2022

A passenger has standing to challenge a stop of a vehicle in which the passenger was riding.

As a passenger in a vehicle that was stopped, the defendant had standing to challenge the stop.

A passenger in a vehicle that has been stopped by the police has standing to challenge the constitutionality of the vehicle stop. 

Where the defendant had no ownership or possessory interest in the warehouse that was searched, he had no standing to challenge the search on Fourth Amendment grounds.

The defendant had no standing to challenge a search of a vehicle when he was a passenger, did not own the vehicle, and asserted no possessory interest in it or its contents.

The defendant did not have standing to assert a Fourth Amendment violation regarding cellular telephone records where there was no evidence that the defendant had an ownership interest in the telephones or had been given a possessory interest by the legal owner of the telephones. Mere possession of the telephones was insufficient to establish standing.

By telling the officer that he had to ask the passenger for permission to search the vehicle, the defendant-driver waived any standing that he might have had to challenge the passenger’s consent to the search.

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