State v. Frady, 228 N.C. App. 682 (Aug. 6, 2013)

In this child sex case, the trial court committed reversible error by allowing the State’s medical expert to testify to the opinion that the victim’s disclosure was consistent with sexual abuse where there was no physical evidence consistent with abuse. In order for an expert medical witness to give an opinion that a child has, in fact, been sexually abused, the State must establish a proper foundation, i.e. physical evidence consistent with sexual abuse. Without physical evidence, expert testimony that sexual abuse has occurred is an impermissible opinion regarding credibility. Although the expert in this case did not diagnose the victim as having been sexually abused, she “essentially expressed her opinion that [the victim] is credible.”