State v. Griffin, ___ N.C. App. ___, 826 S.E.2d 253 (Mar. 19, 2019)

The evidence was sufficient to support a conviction for felony assault inflicting serious bodily injury. On appeal the defendant challenged only the element of serious bodily injury. As a result of the assault, the victim suffered from difficulty swallowing, numerous lacerations, a concussion, and severe headaches. The headaches continued at least through the time of trial, four years after the attack. The headaches thus constitute a permanent or protracted condition that causes extreme pain.