State v. Springle, 244 N.C. App. 760 (Jan. 5, 2016)

The trial court’s conclusion that the defendant was a recidivist was not supported by competent evidence and therefore could not support the conclusion that the defendant must submit to lifetime sex offender registration and SBM. The trial court’s order determining that the defendant was a recidivist was never reduced to writing and made part of the record. Although there was evidence from which the trial court could have possibly determined that the defendant was a recidivist, it failed to make the relevant findings, either orally or in writing. The defendant’s stipulation to his prior record level worksheet cannot constitute a legal conclusion that a particular out-of-state conviction is “substantially similar” to a particular North Carolina offense.