State v. Tincher, ___ N.C. App. ___, 831 S.E.2d 859 (Jul. 16, 2019)

The defendant was serving an active sentence when he pled guilty to other felony charges. The sentencing court imposed two 20 to 24 month sentences, suspended for 36 months on the condition of supervised probation. In the event the defendant violated probation, the two sentences would be run consecutively to the then-existing sentence. In one of the new sentences, the court indicated the probation would run at the expiration of the defendant’s current sentence. The other new sentence did not. The defendant violated probation and the consecutive terms were imposed. On appeal, the defendant complained that the violation report for one of the cases was filed too late—since only one judgment indicated probation was to begin at the expiration of his existing sentence, probation from the other judgment began running concurrently while the defendant was still incarcerated. The court agreed. Under G.S. 15A-1346, probation runs concurrently to any active sentence if not otherwise specified. Because one of the judgments failed to indicate probation ran consecutive to the defendant’s existing sentence, it was concurrent by default and probation began on the day of that judgment. Here, the violation was filed after that probationary period expired, and the trial court lacked jurisdiction to revoke the defendant’s probation. The judgement of revocation in that case was therefore vacated.